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Nial Fuller

NIAL FULLER
Professional Trader, Author & Trading Coach

What Is Price Action Trading ?

1- The definition Of Price Action trading

2- Trading with “Messy” Vs “Clean” Charts

3- How to identify trending and consolidating markets using price action

4- How to trade with Price Action trading strategies

5- How to use chart confluence and Price Action signals

The Definition of Price Action Trading

Price Action Trading (P.A.T.) is the discipline of making all of your trading decisions from a stripped down or “naked” price chart. This means no lagging indicators outside of maybe a couple moving averages to help identify dynamic support and resistance areas and trend. All financial markets generate data about the movement of the price of a market over varying periods of time; this data is displayed on price charts. Price charts reflect the beliefs and actions of all participants (human or computer) trading a market during a specified period of time and these beliefs are portrayed on a market’s price chart in the form of “price action” (P.A.).

Whilst economic data and other global news events are the catalysts for price movement in a market, we don’t need to analyze them to trade the market successfully. The reason is pretty simple; all economic data and world news that causes price movement within a market is ultimately reflected via P.A. on a market’s price chart.

Since a market’s P.A. reflects all variables affecting that market for any given period of time, using lagging price indictors like stochastics, MACD, RSI, and others is just a flat waste of time. Price movement provides all the signals you will ever need to develop a profitable and high-probability trading system. These signals collectively are called price action trading strategies and they provide a way to make sense of a market’s price movement and help predict its future movement with a high enough degree of accuracy to give you a high-probability trading strategy.

“Clean” Charts vs. “Messy” Indicator-laden Charts

Next, to demonstrate the stark contrast between a pure P.A. chart and one with some of the most popular trading indicators on it, I have shown two charts in the examples below. The chart on the top has no indicators on it, there’s nothing but the raw P.A. of the market on that chart. The bottom chart has MACD, Stochastics, ADX and Bollinger Bands on it; four of the most widely used indicators AKA “secondary” analysis tools as they are sometimes called:

The image example below shows a clean price action chart, with no mess, and no indicators, just pure price bars:

price action diagram 1

The image example below shows a messy price action chart, with lots of clutter, indicators and mess:

price action diagram - messy 1

It’s worth pointing out how in the indicator-laden chart you actually have to give up some room on the chart to have the indicators at the bottom, this forces you to make the P.A. part of the chart smaller, and it also draws your attention away from the natural P.A. and onto the indicators. So, not only do you have less screen area to view the P.A., but your focus is not totally on the price action of the market like it should be.

If you really look at both of those charts and think about which one is easier to analyze and trade from, the answer should be pretty clear. All of the indicators on the chart below, and indeed almost all indicators, are derived from the underlying P.A.. In other words, all traders do when they add indicators to their charts is produce more variables for themselves; they aren’t gaining any insight or predictive clues that aren’t already provided by the market’s raw price action.

Examples of some of my favorite price action trading strategies:

Next, let’s take a look at some of the price action trading strategies that I teach. Note that I’ve included a “failed” trade setup because not every trade will be a winner; we aren’t here to show you “perfect” past trading results…we are here to teach you in an honest and realistic manner.

In the image example below, we are looking some of my favorite P.A. trading strategies:

price action strategies diagram

Determine a market’s trend using price action

One of the most important aspects of learning to trade with P.A. is to first learn how to identify a trending market versus a consolidating market. Trading with the trend is highest-probability way to trade and it’s something you HAVE TO learn how to do if you want to stand a chance at making serious money as a trader.

The charts below shows how to use price dynamics to determine a markets trend. We consider a market to be in an uptrend if it is making Higher Highs and Higher Lows (HH, HL) and a downtrend is Lower Highs and Lower Lows (LH, LL).

In the image example below, we can see how higher highs and higher lows signal an up-trend in a market:

uptrending price action diagram

In the image example below, we can see how lower highs and lower lows signal a down-trend in a market:

downtrend price action diagram

Determine Trending VS. Consolidating markets using price action

As we discussed earlier, P.A.or “price action trading analysis” is the analysis of the price movement of a market over time. From our analysis of price movement we can determine a market’s underlying directional bias or “trend”, or if the market has no trend it is said to be “consolidating”…we can easily determine whether a market is trending or consolidating from simply analyzing its P.A.. We saw how to determine a market’s trend above, to determine if a market is consolidating we just look for an absence of the HH, HL or LH, LL patterns. In the chart below note how the “consolidating price action” is bouncing between a horizontal support and resistance level and is not making HH, HL or LH, LL but is instead going sideways…

The image example below shows a market moving from a consolidation phase to a trending phase:

consolidation price action diagram

How to Trade with Price Action Trading Strategies

So how exactly do we trade with price action? It really boils down to learning to trade P.A. setups or patterns from confluent levels in the market. Now, if that sounds new or confusing to you right now, sit tight and I will clarify it soon. First we need to cover a couple more things:

Due to the repetitive nature of market participants and the way they react to global economic variables, the P.A. of a market tends to repeat itself in various patterns. These patterns are also called price action trading strategies, and there are many different price action strategies traded many different ways. These reoccurring price patterns or price action setups reflect changes or continuation in market sentiment. In layman’s terms, that just means by learning to spot price action patterns you can get “clues” as to where the price of a market will go next.

The first thing you should to begin P.A. trading is to take off all the “crap” on your charts. Get rid of the indicators, expert advisors; take off EVERYTHING but the raw price bars of the chart. I prefer to use candlestick charts because I feel they convey the price data of the market more dynamically and “forcefully”, if you are still using classic bar charts and want more info on candlesticks then checkout this candlestick trading tutorial.

I like simple black and white charts the best, as you can see below. In metatrader4 you simply right click on the chart and adjust the “properties” of the chart to get it looking like mine below. If you want more info on how to setup your MT4 trading platform checkout this metatrader 4 tutorial.

After you’ve removed all the indicators and other unnecessary variables from your charts, you can begin drawing in the key chart levels and looking for price action setups to trade from.

The image example below shows examples of some of the trading strategies I teach in my price action trading course. Note the key support / resistance levels have been drawn in:

price action setups 1

How to trade price action from confluent points in the market:

The next major step in trading P.A. is to draw in the key chart levels and look for confluent levels to trade from. In the chart below we can see that a very obvious and confluent pin bar setup formed in the USDJPY that kicked off a huge uptrend higher. Note that the pin bar trade setup showed rejection of a key horizontal support level as well as the 50% retrace of the last major move, thus the pin bar had “confluence” with the surrounding market structure…

In the image example below, we can see a pin bar setup that formed at a confluent point in the market:

price action retracements diagram

All economic variables create price movement which can be easily seen on a market’s price chart. Whether an economic variable is filtered down through a human trader or a computer trader, the movement that it creates in the market will be easily visible on a price chart. Therefore, instead of trying to analyze a million economic variables each day (this is impossible obviously, although many traders try), you can simply learn to trade price action, because this style of trading allows you to easily analyze and make use of all market variables by simply reading and trading from the P.A. trail they leave behind in a market.

Closing thoughts on Price Action Trading…

I hope today’s introduction to Price Action Trading has been a helpful and enlightening lesson for you. No matter what strategy or system you end up trading with, having a solid understanding of P.A. will only make you a better trader. If you’re like me, and you love simplicity and minimalism, you’ll want to become a “pure” P.A  trader and remove all unnecessary variables from your charts. If you’re interested in learning how I trade with simple price action strategies, checkout my Price Action Trading Course for more info.

Good trading, Nial Fuller

Related Price Action Lessons:

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About Nial Fuller

is a Professional Trader, Investor & Author who is considered ‘The Authority’ on Price Action Trading. His blog is read by over 200,000+ followers and he has taught 25,000+ students since 2008. In 2016, Nial won the Million Dollar Trader Competition. Checkout Nial's Professional Trading Course here.
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  1. fitir November 9, 2020 at 2:49 am

    nail u are 1 of my best top 3 Forex mentor, u are obviously great keep it up, GOD bless. pls i want u to discus the strategy, best time to use in trading crude oil, gold and silver thanks.

    Reply
  2. Mr Hoang October 23, 2020 at 6:25 pm

    Thanks Sir!

    Reply
  3. Tom September 27, 2020 at 12:46 pm

    Hi,

    So, this is my first time browsing your site and I can see you have some useful info on the site; however, what I noticed is that almost all of your teachings are based off of a ‘daily’ chart! Now, unless somewhere on your site or in your courses you mention to people that trading off of a daily chart requires a rather large trading account, none of this analysis would really mean much or be useful to someone with a small account (which is almost everyone looking for a new trading course) who is trading on a 1, 2 or 5 min chart.

    Taking your signal bars on a 5 minute chart would cause many many stop outs before one would work out, simply because of the noise. Unless you have other signals bars to enter on smaller timeframes of course.

    Just my opinion and based on my own studies and trading of price action on all timeframes over the past 10 or so years. Robust price action trading should work on all timeframes, not just the higher timeframes in my opinion.

    Cheers

    Reply
    • Nial Fuller September 27, 2020 at 10:31 pm

      You are incorrect on 2 points. It is incorrect to assume price action works the same on all timeframes. The lower the timeframe the less effective the signal is because of noise. If a signal takes a day to form it has more weight behind it, if a signal takes 5 minutes to form is has much less weight behind it. Does a pebble have the same impact on a pool of water as a boulder ? Think about that for a moment.
      It is incorrect to assume that daily charts mean you need a larger size trading account, you can solve this problem by reducing position size per trade (less contracts or fractional lots).

      Reply
      • Peter November 30, 2020 at 7:19 am

        Agree totally Nial

        Reply
  4. Percy August 19, 2020 at 7:57 pm

    This was so helpful for me as a beginner.Looking forward to put it into action and learn more.

    Reply
  5. Albert Mutemeri July 4, 2020 at 6:48 pm

    Wow,thank you so much Sir Nail this was so eye opening and informative.

    Reply
  6. ABDULLAH-AL-AMIN June 29, 2020 at 12:15 am

    Sir many many thanks. God bless you.

    Reply
  7. Denish April 4, 2020 at 6:36 pm

    Mentor Nial, thanks so much for your concern and introduction to price action strategy, am now off to go now Mr Nial, thanks so much

    Reply
  8. Priyanka March 6, 2020 at 1:54 am

    Neil, Thanks for a great read. I have few questions
    1) On what time frame do you draw support and resistance? Do you keep changing it as per time frame or keep it constant?
    2) If I get a pin bar at 1 hour chart, Can’t i trade it without getting confluence from longer time frame of charts?

    Reply
  9. Machi January 6, 2020 at 1:12 pm

    It’s 2020 so far no better PA explanation than this one..your writing is concise and no BS.

    Keep up good work..

    Thanks

    Reply
  10. Mr Rock December 10, 2019 at 10:29 pm

    To be sincere, as a trader, price action gives me an edge over the market every time. And no other trading strategies I have ever seen comparable to the price action strategy. Therefore, any trader who really wants to make it big in this business has to learn this price action strategy wholeheartedly. I love it so much. Though the learning curve is long, but the end result is highly, incomparably and indisputably profitable.

    Thanks Nial for this great work here!

    Reply
  11. George Mukanda October 15, 2019 at 4:35 pm

    You have helped me to deepen my understanding of the price action strategy.Thank you so much. God bless you abundantly.

    Reply
  12. Clemence saulo September 16, 2019 at 3:49 am

    Thank you sir you have change the way I have been trading

    Reply
  13. konky dare September 8, 2019 at 9:08 pm

    wow!!! what a wonderful information, very understandable and comprehensive… more knowledge to your wisdom.

    Reply
  14. The Forex Scalpers September 6, 2019 at 10:39 pm

    Thank you for sharing such a piece of wonderful information with us. Great job!

    Reply
  15. KAVUO ISSAH DIYAKA August 28, 2019 at 11:47 pm

    woow your lesson was fantastic. i wish to get more . i graduated from the university 3 months ago and want to divert my profession to fx trading. thanks so much sir.

    Reply
  16. Kabelo Qhelane August 5, 2019 at 6:39 pm

    thank you so much sir for this wonderful explanation. i am really happy for this information because its now that i became aware that i was lost by other traders.

    thank you so much, i wish you can go deeper if possible

    Reply
  17. Oageng May 27, 2019 at 4:14 am

    Hey Nial. I’ve been a price action trader for almost a year now, and what you wrote is completely relatable. I do this. If I may ask though, what are the benefits of being your group member? With all this info at our disposal and all. Is there any more stuff to learn?

    Reply
  18. Pheello Nkaki May 4, 2019 at 12:36 am

    Thank you Nial, the lesson was so interesting and have started to use those stratergies, will give youfeedback.

    Reply
  19. Kenneth Majola March 26, 2019 at 8:17 pm

    Thanks for sharing price action it helped me be a profitable trade

    Reply
  20. wali ogechi March 19, 2019 at 4:41 am

    i think u will be a great teacher

    Reply
  21. robert January 27, 2019 at 8:33 am

    lesson was very comprehensive,thanks alot

    Reply
  22. NWEKE UCHENNA EMMANUEL January 25, 2019 at 11:04 pm

    Great lesson

    Reply
    • Adegboyeg March 23, 2019 at 6:17 pm

      You have explain price action in a very simple way, well- done

      Reply
    • Julius Freeman May 27, 2019 at 9:15 am

      So great !!!

      Reply
  23. Karel Ben December 31, 2018 at 7:11 am

    Hello Nial,
    I am from the Czech Republic and have searched on the internet for 50% retracement setup and discovered your site. Even though I went through the training of some good teachers, I see that studying your articles will move me another piece on my journey to be a trader. Thank you very much.
    So far I want to study them and get them under my skin.
    Then I’ll call and sign up for your live course.

    Everything good in the new year.

    Karel

    Reply
  24. Emmanuel Binya December 15, 2018 at 8:32 am

    Thank you so much for this special knowledge you provide, I suggest if possible to convert to pdf so that can be easy for someone to read when they are offline

    Reply
  25. Logan Fx November 6, 2018 at 10:11 pm

    Thank you Nial I found this P.A useful sir

    Reply
    • Ferdous Kamal January 21, 2019 at 11:37 pm

      I,without any hesitation would like to comment that your articles are so simple ,informative and educative that even a novice like me can easily understand .I feel myself to be a lucky guy to meet a great teacher like you .Thank you very much .

      Reply
  26. Kabole November 5, 2018 at 4:51 am

    thanks sir I went through it seems interesting, I’ll practice price section and see the results

    Reply
  27. Dave November 4, 2018 at 4:33 am

    I am a beginner. And I find your articles interesting. They are full of insights. Thanks a lot.

    Reply
  28. Francis de Souza November 3, 2018 at 9:39 pm

    Probably the best lesson I have ever learned in forex ; I’ll practice and see the result

    Reply
  29. Jerome September 13, 2018 at 2:19 am

    This Article helped a lot in helping grasp the concept. I’m using the support & resistance strategy to trade but one thing always gets me losing when the market is consolidated: how do I select my entry and re-entry points?

    Reply
  30. MD. Firoz zaman August 25, 2018 at 5:17 pm

    It is a nice technical analysis.

    Reply
  31. Zamokwakhe Emmanuel Mohase July 30, 2018 at 2:41 am

    Good evening I find your lesson vey usefully I am looking forward to build a career out of trading so i will need all the help I can get

    Reply
  32. Quintin July 28, 2018 at 2:14 am

    I took the week off from work to learn more and today my last day of the week cane across this article. I’m so thankful as it is all confirmation that I am on the right track. Also if I hadn’t traded the whole week before it might not have made so much sense. Thanks a million for this great informative and accurate information! GREAT JOB!

    Reply
  33. Thembile July 7, 2018 at 7:33 pm

    Thank you so much Nial.

    Reply
  34. Ravi July 5, 2018 at 8:29 am

    Amazing!!!

    Reply
  35. Chidi June 27, 2018 at 1:25 am

    nice one

    Reply
  36. Luis De Menezes June 8, 2018 at 10:58 am

    Congratulations.Between all market Gurus I like your writtings and v. simple explanations by charts.I am trading since 1992

    Reply
  37. Joao May 14, 2018 at 6:32 pm

    Awesome Stuff

    Reply
    • maximillian Sasagu May 29, 2018 at 7:56 am

      Wao!! your are Great Sir its Precisely understandable we are together
      your MAXIMILLIAN SASAGU

      Reply
  38. Tamonokare Adokiye Ferguson April 24, 2018 at 10:30 pm

    Loving this already. So insightful.

    Reply
  39. Olive Peace Nabuuma April 23, 2018 at 2:17 pm

    youre really excellent at this. too bad the membership is too high

    Reply
  40. Jeremy Kirui March 24, 2018 at 6:30 pm

    Invaluable reference and knowledge this is truly tailor made.

    Reply
  41. Hazman Zakaria March 16, 2018 at 5:18 am

    Big thanks

    Reply
  42. Cucu Pok Leh January 27, 2018 at 6:45 am

    a very good info tQ sir

    Reply
  43. Gazman Mohd Nor January 21, 2018 at 10:37 am

    Good info….

    Reply
  44. Chokthiwat Chokthiwat January 21, 2018 at 9:51 am

    Ok. …..

    Reply
  45. Vicent Michael January 21, 2018 at 9:51 am

    Nice

    Reply
  46. INDUWARASG January 20, 2018 at 3:54 am

    THANK YOU SIR

    Reply
  47. Anesu January 10, 2018 at 3:34 am

    Lucid,brevity and stark thanks Nial.

    Reply
    • Robert April 8, 2019 at 5:41 am

      This is clear and very well simplified for us beginners . Thanks

      Reply
  48. Ada Tripple A December 26, 2017 at 12:49 am

    Big Thanks!

    Reply
  49. Gjep Ahmad December 26, 2017 at 12:49 am

    thank you sir

    Reply
  50. Batubo Moses November 18, 2017 at 12:32 pm

    thanks i understand it now

    Reply
  51. Kittichoti Mala November 15, 2017 at 2:27 am

    Fantastic!

    Reply
  52. Offsfish Nyaze October 15, 2017 at 3:21 pm

    Great stuff thanks

    Reply
  53. Steve Abayomi Otokiti October 11, 2017 at 12:46 am

    nice

    Reply
  54. Miri Al Ali October 5, 2017 at 1:52 am

    Amazing…

    Reply
  55. Ravin Nair September 17, 2017 at 2:45 pm

    thanks

    Reply
  56. siswono September 15, 2017 at 12:16 pm

    i want your student in forex analisis

    Reply
  57. Mohlomi Seitlheko September 13, 2017 at 12:52 pm

    very useful

    Reply
  58. Anass Tourabiil September 6, 2017 at 8:42 pm

    pretty useful

    Reply
  59. วิศิษฐ์ ทองรอง September 2, 2017 at 10:06 pm

    Thank you

    Reply
  60. Uzzal Baidya September 2, 2017 at 5:09 am

    thank u so much…

    Reply
  61. Shafie Mohd August 31, 2017 at 4:04 pm

    Great article

    Reply
  62. Oleste Cemelus August 28, 2017 at 6:00 pm

    wow youre great .

    Reply
  63. Tim van Niekerk August 27, 2017 at 5:12 am

    Great article Nial. Straightforward yet detailed enough to offer a solid grasp of PA trading.

    Reply
  64. Chyka Jacobs August 11, 2017 at 8:57 pm

    thank u sir

    Reply
  65. irfan June 7, 2014 at 1:46 am

    Nial price action article is superb….! very informative..
    Thanks

    Reply
  66. dave j May 26, 2014 at 4:38 pm

    Nial,Thanks for the free information on p/a I found it makes sense and is easy to understand so far gday davej

    Reply
  67. Alex May 9, 2014 at 11:29 pm

    Dear Sir Nial,
    You done the best job for us to learn price action trading strategy easily. Hope every one can learn this price action trading easily if they read carefully this article.

    Reply
  68. Emalban FX April 16, 2014 at 8:30 am

    This is great, am glad for the job Mr Fuller is doing here. Thanks.

    Reply
  69. Forex Winners March 18, 2014 at 8:22 am

    good work
    all respect

    Reply
  70. Mike G. February 20, 2014 at 4:09 pm

    Hi Nial,

    I find your blog site very valuable and interesting. Theres a lot to learn here. Now I come to know why I fail in my trading. Thanks for the free information Nial. Its a good place to start learning to trade profitably. I will consider learning more from you and eventually be part of your community. :-)

    Many thanks Nial.

    Mike G.

    Reply
  71. Olalekan December 31, 2013 at 1:08 am

    Dear Nial Fuller,
    . your teaching is the fuel to my Motor to keep moving and profit in my forex trading .
    Thank you for the time you use for all of them.
    Olalekan

    Reply
  72. Sulaiman December 19, 2013 at 6:18 pm

    Thanks for the clearer picture Nail! I have studied all available indicators in the trading scope and they confused me even more and have decided to go for price-action trade through my own conciense. Your affirmation in this strategy give me more confidence. I would like to learn more from you.

    Reply
  73. Ahesan FX November 4, 2013 at 7:46 pm

    Thanks Sir, this article totally change my view towards market now I feel much more confident with simple pure price chart. Eager to learn more from you…

    Reply
  74. Obinna October 10, 2013 at 8:15 am

    this is the final piece to my forex puzzle. Sir Nial Fuller you are indeed an expert in forex strategy. thanks

    Reply
  75. abideen September 17, 2013 at 3:35 am

    nail u are 1 of my best top 3 Forex mentor, u are obviously great keep it up, GOD bless. pls i want u to discus the strategy, best time to use in trading crude oil, gold and silver thanks.

    Reply
  76. gary August 30, 2013 at 4:43 pm

    Thanks for the lesson..eager to learn more and glad I found you

    tks

    Reply
  77. mideel August 24, 2013 at 12:10 pm

    Thanks, for the lessons.

    Its really clear and comprehensive.

    Reply
  78. calvin August 21, 2013 at 4:51 am

    Sir Nial this is such a great introduction. This proved to be helpful in concept building thanks…!

    Reply

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