September Special: Get 45% Off Life-Time Access To Nial Fuller's Price Action Trading Course & Daily Newsletter (Ends September 30th) -
Nial Fuller

NIAL FULLER
Professional Trader, Author & Trading Coach

The Best Times to Trade Forex Currency Pairs (Part 2)

author thumb
By in Forex Trading Strategies By Nial Fuller Last updated on | 95 Comments

Note: If you have not done so already please read part 1 first: The Best Currency Pairs to Trade

forex-timesIn the first part of this article we discussed which currency pairs are the best to trade and explained the differences between the majors, crosses, and exotics. Today’s article is going to pick up where last week’s left off; we are going to discuss the best times to trade the forex market and the differences between the various FX trading sessions.

Since you have read part 1 and you now know which currency pairs to focus on and why, it is important that you understand when the different forex trading sessions are, how they differ from each other, and the best times and days to trade.

It is true that the forex market is open 24 hours a day, but that doesn’t mean the market is active and worth trading for the entire day. The idea is to trade when the market is the most volatile, because volatility means that a market is moving, and money is made when the markets are moving, not when the market is quiet and calm.

As a price action trader you should be especially excited about volatility, because price action strategies thrive in volatile market conditions due to the fact that they simply reflect the dynamics of price movement and provide you with easy to identify setups which allow you take advantage of volatility.

When are the various forex trading sessions?

forexmarkethoursThe 24-hour forex market trading day can be broken up into three major trading sessions:

(Note: The chart to the right reflects the Tokyo open and ignores the Sydney open, we have included the Sydney open in the description below, which is an hour earlier than the Tokyo open. All times are based off summer hours in the Northern Hemisphere, the Asian session opens at 4pm EST during winter hours with the market opening in Sydney, London and New York hours remain the same)

• Asian trading session (including Australia and New Zealand): the Asian trading session opens at 6:00pm EST and closes at 4:00am EST

• London trading session: the London trading session opens at 3:00am EST and closes at 12:00pm EST.

• New York trading session: the New York trading session opens at 8:00am EST and closes at 5:00pm EST.

You will notice that in between each trading session there is a window of time where two sessions are operating at the same time. From 3:00 – 4:00am EST, the Asian and London sessions overlap, and from 8:00-12:00pm EST, the London and New York sessions overlap.

As you may have guessed these over-lapping periods within the three trading sessions are the times when volume and volatility rise to peak levels. The over-lap of the London and New York trading sessions between 8am and 12pm EST is typically the best time to trade, because this is when the world’s two most active trading centers cross; as the London session is closing the New York session is opening. Many traders strictly trade this four hour time window because it is typically a very volatile and liquid time to trade the forex market.

The Asian trading session:

The Asian trading session begins at 6:00pm EST as trading gets underway in New Zealand and Australia, an hour later at 7pm EST Tokyo opens up. Tokyo is the financial capital of Asia; it is also worth noting that Japan is the third largest forex trading center in the world. The yen is the third most traded currency, involved in about 19.0% of all forex transactions; overall about 21% of all forex transactions take place during the Asian trading session.

• Financial hot spots of the Asian trading session include; Tokyo, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Sydney.

• Liquidity is sometimes thin during the Asian session, this is why many FX traders avoid the Asian session and opt to trade the London / New York sessions instead. That said, price will sometimes make powerful moves during the Asian session.

• Major news releases for New Zealand, Australia, Japan, and China come out during the Asian session, so the NZD, AUD, and JPY currency pairs tend to move more than the others during the Asian session. (Chinese economic policy can influence other majors currencies even though China does not allow their currency to float on the international exchange)

• Generally speaking, if the London and New York sessions result in big moves, you will see consolidation during the Asian session.

The London trading session:

As Asia comes to a close the London trading session gets underway. There are several major financial centers scattered around Europe, but London has historically been the center of all forex trading. About 30% of all forex transactions take place during the London trading session.

• Due to the fact that the London session over-laps with the Asian and New York sessions, it is typically the most active trading session and this leads to high liquidity/volume and lower pip spreads.

• The London session usually sees the most volatile market conditions because such a large amount of transactions take place during this trading period. Remember, volatility is good for price action traders since we deal with the core price data of the market, instead of secondary indicators that lag price.

• Major European news releases mainly come out during the London trading session, this means the GBP, EUR, and CHF are all typically the most active during the London session.

The New York trading session:

The New York trading session gets underway at 8:00am EST, this is just about the time traders in London are getting back from their lunch breaks, and it also signals the start of what is on average the most active time period for forex trading; from 8am EST to 12pm EST.

• Between 8am EST and 12pm EST there is high liquidity as the London and New York sessions overlap.

• The majority of all economic reports are released around the start of the New York trading session since both Europe and New York are open at this time. All USD and CAD economic news comes out during or near the New York trading session.

• About 85% of all forex trades involve the U.S. dollar, so any currency pair involving the USD has the potential to make a big move during the New York trading session.

• After European markets close, volatility and liquidity tend to die down during the late-afternoon New York trading session.

• The New York close is very important as it marks the end of the forex trading day, it is important that you use New York close charts because many price action setups form as the trading day comes to an end.

What does it all mean?

If you have no time constraints or you have a job that allows you to get on the internet and check the charts periodically, the best time to trade is from 8:00am to 12:00pm EST during the New York and London session overlap. Both the London and New York trading sessions are excellent times to trade overall, so no matter where you live in the world you should be able to find a time that works with your schedule.

However, you can trade successfully purely off the daily charts, and it is also a much more stress-free way to trade, this means you can check the charts around or shortly after the New York close each day at 5pm EST. If you employ my “set and forget forex trading strategy” on the daily charts, you will only need to check the market once or twice a day for a short period of time.

The Asian trading session tends to be the least volatile, so if you are looking for big moves to occur, you are likely going to be waiting until trading gets underway in London around 3am EST.

Sundays are typically not worth trading because movement is very low and nothing significant has happened yet to set the currency pairs in motion. The best days to trade based on average daily trading ranges for the “majors” are Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, Friday can be good to trade too up until about 12pm EST when London closes. Monday typically sees lower average trading ranges for the majors, but this doesn’t mean you should avoid trading on Monday, it just means it is statistically less likely that there will be large forex price movements on Monday than the other weekdays.

Remember, being a price action trader means that you need to pay most of your attention to learning to spot high – probability price action trading setups in the Forex market. In the end, what really matters is obtaining a high quality Forex trading education in price action analysis, this way you won’t really need to concern yourself with analyzing economic reports and the thousands of variables that contribute to FX price movement each day. If you want to learn how to trade the Forex market with a handful of simple yet effective price action forex strategies, check out my price action trading course.

Nial Fuller is considered a leading ‘Authority’ on Price Action Forex trading strategies. If you want to learn more about harnessing the power and simplicity of Price Action Trading Strategies please visit Nial Fuller’s Forex Trading Course & Traders Community Page Here. Nial’s Students get lifetime access to all of his advanced price action Forex Courses, video lessons, webinar tutorials, daily trade setups newsletter, live trade setups discussion forum, traders support line & free ongoing course updates. For more information visit the Forex Course page here.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

About Nial Fuller

is a Professional Trader & Author who is considered ‘The Authority’ on Price Action Trading. He has a monthly readership of 250,000+ traders and has taught 20,000+ students since 2008. In 2016, Nial won the Million Dollar Trader Competition. Checkout Nial's Professional Trading Course here.
  1. Yakawonya Rutson September 16, 2019 at 4:44 am

    Always out with a winner post A teacher to cherish Thanks many thanks over

    Reply
  2. Nour September 15, 2019 at 11:45 am

    Nial, you are the godfather of the Forex trading.

    Reply
  3. NKAMA September 15, 2019 at 12:55 am

    You are too much sir. By this you have solved most of my problems.

    Reply
  4. Medi September 14, 2019 at 5:29 pm

    You tha God sent!

    Reply
  5. NGUYEN QUOC THANG September 14, 2019 at 1:28 pm

    Pls support me to explain more about ” Event area ” in the line ” Retrace Entry Back to an Event Area or Prior PA signal.

    Thank you
    THANG

    Reply
  6. Mahmudul Hasan September 14, 2019 at 1:32 am

    Super Nial bro…..

    Reply
  7. Diário de um Poupador March 5, 2018 at 1:32 am

    Hi, i am a brazilian guy who trades for years. I pause my trades during some years, and i came back about 2 months ago. I’ve been trying a strategy with short take, and it has given to me a lot of profits. I am trying to make my mind strong to ignore the market’s movement after i book profit. You have said a very right thing here: the market always makes a retraction.

    This article was very good, thanks. Keep it that way. God bless you.

    Reply
  8. Solomon Olusegun Oyeniyi December 13, 2017 at 9:24 am

    Thank you for this article.

    Reply
    • Liton khan September 16, 2019 at 12:14 am

      Very nice Boos.ok go forawd.

      Reply
  9. GANDUS December 4, 2017 at 6:10 am

    Great always to hear you big brooother Nail. God bless you. timely article for me. love

    Reply
  10. Noor Azman Abd Aziz November 26, 2017 at 2:10 am

    Nice and very interesting. This article answer the questions why i always close trades with losses while actually I have been profitting during the trading session.

    Reply
  11. Sboniso Malambule November 24, 2017 at 6:22 pm

    ive bee reading your lessons im impressed

    Reply
  12. Azmi Yusoff October 17, 2017 at 2:52 pm

    Interesting article. This happen everytime. The idea of wanting to wait a little more time may cause us to lose what is supposed to be a profit instead.

    Reply
  13. Ayanda Mabuza September 18, 2017 at 10:56 am

    reading such artecles really opens my mind.Thanks Nail

    Reply
  14. Roy Peters September 1, 2017 at 2:39 am

    This happened to me recently on Eurgbp. Up 200 pips and thought it’d go higher. Next day market came down and I booked only 40pips!
    I learn a big lesson.

    Reply
  15. Rafari July 31, 2017 at 1:29 am

    ok, its been almost 2 years since I start to learn how the market move. I can say most of your articles give me a vision about how to, what to do and don’t. It’s cool because I start move to learn draw some major snr, I got stuck on making it, but your articles show me some clever way to draw “a key level” and some short term. I’ll try my best to practice it everyday !!!

    Thanks Nial, You’re Awesome !

    Reply
  16. kgothatso July 28, 2017 at 6:00 pm

    U ar really a genus.sir u teached me that i should take a risk than to lose the chance **#great things come to those who hustle (lovely)$$$$$

    Reply
  17. Alan Gillanders June 25, 2017 at 3:25 am

    Hi Nial,
    Thanks for the lesson. This has been my problem for some time. Greed. Always waiting to take more with a small investment. My profits evaporate and majority of times end in a loss.
    In the last 6 weeks I have been taking the small profits. 100 – 200 points instead of trying to get 500-1000 points. seems to be working ok. Thanks again

    Reply
  18. oluwatosn Matthew June 23, 2017 at 5:50 pm

    That’s a good trading guide. Thanks nial.

    Reply
  19. Ages Justice June 22, 2017 at 5:40 am

    Keep it up Mentor. God bless you more!

    Reply
  20. Louis June 21, 2017 at 11:43 am

    This is exactly what was missing from my trading. Realistic exit plans. Thank you Nial.

    Reply
  21. endurance oki June 21, 2017 at 8:05 am

    thank you sir for your well prepared article. Im a victim of this very situation , i’ve almost hit my profit target then i said i should let the profit run but to my very face , the profits were evaporating until i closed the trade .

    Reply
  22. DAVID SHUBE June 20, 2017 at 7:48 pm

    Thanks Nial, booking profits on-time is right, cos too much emotional traits is involved when one realized that the trade is going to retrace unexpectedly.

    Reply
  23. PEERALLY June 20, 2017 at 6:21 pm

    Thank you, Nial.

    Reply
  24. Kate M June 20, 2017 at 6:49 am

    Thanks Nial, way to go. You keep writing evolving lessons like these, Ill always have something to learn. And again an opportune time to write this particular article, I think you are the Yoda of trading:)

    Reply
  25. Lucas Obiora June 19, 2017 at 9:07 am

    Thanks Nial, that’s an eye opener to me, I have that problem of letting profits run into losses, thank you very much for the article.

    Reply
  26. Kay June 19, 2017 at 8:49 am

    Thank you Nial, well explained and organized article. Definitively help me to prepare my Profit plan. Regards

    Reply
  27. smg June 19, 2017 at 3:17 am

    Thank you

    Reply
  28. richadi36 June 19, 2017 at 2:07 am

    Thanks Nial. I really got immense knowledge about booking profits.

    Reply
  29. Suleiman Bhadmus June 18, 2017 at 11:14 pm

    Amazing,am definitely going to include all this point in my trading plan. Though am still on demo, but what have learned from this article in very key to a successful trading.
    Thanks a lot Mr.Nail Fuller.

    Reply
  30. Matt June 18, 2017 at 5:25 pm

    This happened to me last week. Was up 700 proffit and closed with 700 loss because i had such an attachment to what i thought was a fullproof longterm move in one direction so i wanted to ride the waves but it looks like it wasnt the long term move in that direction i thouht it was.

    Reply
  31. akhtar butt June 18, 2017 at 4:44 pm

    Hi, Dear Nial Fuller, , excellent, well-explained with reality and experience. Thank, cheer

    Reply
    • Bebe April 30, 2019 at 7:57 pm

      Excellent article,Thanks Nail

      Reply
  32. Akpos June 17, 2017 at 6:46 pm

    Nice….this has been my bane in trading. Not booking profit….

    Reply
  33. John Promise June 17, 2017 at 6:02 pm

    Thanks Nial. My mentor.
    Remain blessed.

    Reply
  34. Thendo June 17, 2017 at 4:58 pm

    Thanks Nial.. great advise. Am looking forward to not closing or closing when the trade goes against you but hasn’t hit your stop loss…

    Reply
  35. Luis June 17, 2017 at 12:20 pm

    Thanks so much Neil as always, great article!, mm please i have a question, what about the case that all the other trading books and gurus says about let profits run until at least 1:2 Risk reward ratio? , because they say if i close before that 1:2 im cutting my profits and that can damage me in the long run! , but in the real life im bored to wait sometimes for a 1:2 and when im at 90% to achieve that profit target the markets turns down eliminating all my profits and making a loss for me, but when i book the profits i see my account growing, what you can reccomend me about that?.

    Reply
  36. Bruno June 17, 2017 at 10:48 am

    Before reading the whole article, I’m writing this! Just the header alone struck the cord. Toy, Nial, are a mind reading mentor! I’m at that stage in my trading where my edge is consistently delivering profits! But, yes, most times, these profits evaporate. Alot is happening around the political and business world and price is fluctuating between these events. Yes, price still does was it’ll do, but the whipsawing is alarming! I can’t say enough how soothing this article is to me because I make sizeable % of my Acct only to watch some diminish or disappear, even into losers.

    Thank you for this article.

    Reply
  37. Mavhungu Lufuno June 17, 2017 at 9:14 am

    Amen

    Reply
  38. Elpadrino June 17, 2017 at 4:54 am

    Thanks Nial #Legendary

    Reply
  39. Alin June 17, 2017 at 4:20 am

    I am one of those loosers who do not book much profits on the trades, because I’m setting
    way too large TPs. Thanks for the posting!

    Reply
  40. Shankara Motay June 17, 2017 at 3:59 am

    Thank you very much

    Reply
  41. Rongsquare June 17, 2017 at 12:44 am

    Amazing thank you Nail

    Reply
  42. Mike Coe June 16, 2017 at 11:27 pm

    Your articles just keep getting better and better, Nial! Great stuff! Thank you very much.

    Reply
  43. Siyabonga Mkhize June 16, 2017 at 11:10 pm

    Powerful thank you sir

    Reply
  44. KRISTOFA OKENTA June 16, 2017 at 9:37 pm

    Good Teaching As Always.
    Thank you For Sharing Your
    Heart With Us.

    Reply

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *